SIX ISSUES IMPACTING HORSE WELFARE

Oversight of the conditions of the Carriage Animals is conducted by Industry Operators with ONLY sporadic monitoring by The City of Charleston.

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select a box below to learn more about the issues

HEAT

VACATION

LOAD

STALL SIZE

HOURS

FEED & CARE


ISSUE #1: HEAT

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Heat is a critical issue impacting the quality of life for Charleston's carriage horses.

HARSHEST HEAT ORDINANCE IN THE US

Operating in danger of heat distress:

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  • The NOAA (the National Oceanographic and Aeronautical Association) Heat Index Chart shows humidity on the side and temperature across the top.

    The humidity is usually very high in Charleston; between 70 to 100% is the normal range. Look at 95 degrees on the NOAA Chart. This is the temperature at which the current ordinance requires horses taken off the streets. Unlike humans, carriage animals cannot get out of the heat when they feel the need.

    You can see that those temperatures register in the DANGER category. Not Caution. Not Extreme Caution. DANGER.

Loophole to keep carriage animals in extreme heat:

  • The new ordinance requires FOUR readings at 95 degrees. If during the FOUR readings the temperature dips even .01 degrees below 95 degrees, readings begin all over again.

City thermometer located four stories atop a hotel.


ISSUE #2: LOAD

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MOST EXTREME LOAD: UP TO 17 PASSENGERS TO 1 HORSE

MOST EXTREME LOAD IN THE NATION

In Charleston, ONE horse pulls:

2,000.00    lbs. Carriage (average)

      50.00   lbs. Harness (average)

3,078.40    lbs. 17 Adult Passengers

5,128.40    lbs. TOTAL

(assumes 9 men and 8 women based on CDC data).

2 1/2 TONS PULLED BY ONE HORSE.*

*Educated guess using CDC figures since City does not enforce its own ordinance and refuses to weigh loads.


ISSUE #3: HOURS WORKED

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Carriage animals can be forced to work up to 10 hrs with wagon in tow.

SEVERE WORK SCHEDULE

Up to 10 hours a day for 6 consecutive days

  • Despite a mandatory 15 minute break between tours, animals are permitted to work eight consecutive hours connected to wagons or ten hours with a ninety-minute break in a 24 hour period. In addition animals can be forced to work six days in a seven-day period.

OVERSIGHT BY CARRIAGE OPERATORS

OVERSIGHT BY CARRIAGE OPERATORS